“Occupational therapy is defined as the therapeutic use of everyday life activities
(occupations) with individuals or groups for the purpose of participation in roles and
situations in home, school, workplace, community, and other settings. Occupational therapy
services are provided for the purpose of promoting health and well being to those who
have or are at risk for developing an illness, injury, disease, disorder, condition, impairment,
disability, activity limitation, or participation restriction. Occupational therapy addresses the
physical, cognitive, psychosocial, sensory, and other aspects of performance in a variety of
contexts to support engagement in everyday life activities that affect health, well-being, and
quality of life” – (American Occupational Therapy Association, 2004).
Occupational Therapists are experts at analysing the performance skills and patterns
necessary for people to engage in their everyday activities in the context in which those
activities and occupations occur. The occupational therapist assumes responsibility for the
delivery of all occupational therapy services and for the safety and effectiveness of
occupational therapy services provided.
In simple terms: Occupational therapist promotes health and well-being through occupation, use of specific activities to limit the effects of disability and promote independence in all aspects of daily life.
Basic Qualification: 3-4 year bachelor degree in occupational therapy.
Occupational Therapy Technicians
The Occupational Therapy Technician assists in the development and Implementation of
Occupational Therapy programmes planned by Occupational Therapist. The OT Technician
works under minimal or no supervision in the implementation of Occupational Therapy
programmes. He or she may assess patient progress and request changes in the therapy
Basic Qualifications: 3 year Diploma in Occupational Therapy or 2 year Certificate in Occupational Therapy.
Occupational Therapy Assistants
The Occupational Therapy Assistant assists the Occupational Therapist and Occupational
Therapy Technician in the implementation of a planned program of care for the
patient/client. He or she may only carry out occupational therapy procedures under
supervision of a therapist or technician.
Basic Qualifications: A Level Biologyand Physics/Chemistry OR IGCSE in Combined Science or Biology.